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  • Subpart 45-3

Subpart 45-3

SLIDES

Sec.

45-3.1

Application

45-3.2

General requirements

45-3.3

Definitions

45-3.4

Special requirements

45-3.5

Special requirements for monorail and trough slides

45-3.6

Special requirements for water slides

45-3.7

Special requirements for dry slides

45-3.8

Special requirements for snow slides

 

Historical Note: Subpart (§§45-3.1 – 45-3.7) filed Aug. 11, 1994 eff. Jan. 1, 1995. § 45-3.1 Application.

The provisions of this Subpart apply to amusement devices known as slides, with a total vertical drop of twenty feet or more as defined herein. Historical Note: Sec. filed Aug. 11, 1994 eff. Jan. 1, 1995. § 45-3.2 General Requirements.

In addition to the special requirements of this Subpart, all applicable provisions of Subparts 1 and 2 of this part shall be complied with by the owner of the slide. Historical Note: Sec. filed Aug. 11, 1994 eff. Jan. 1, 1995. § 45-3.3 Definitions

In addition to the definitions in subdivisions 45-1.3 and 45-2.3,

(a) Dry slide means a U-shaped trough in which passengers are conveyed down an incline with or without the use of mats.

(b) Monorail slide means an elevated track upon which a sled conveys passengers down an incline.

(c) Slide attendant means an individual assigned to particular duties or functions in connection with the operation of a slide. 

  (d) Slide starter means an individual assigned the responsibility of starting each rider on a slide and maintaining a predetermined time or distance interval between riders at the start.

(e) Slide structure means the overall structure supporting one or more slides.

(f) Slide supervisor means an individual in overall charge of a slide, including maintenance, inspection and training of all slide staff.

(g) Sliding device means any contrivance that carries and conveys passengers along, around or over a fixed or restricted course or within a defined area for the purpose of amusing or entertaining its passengers, and which is of such nature that accidental personal injuries may be incurred in its assembly, disassembly, or use.

(h) Snow slide means a  frozen and/or snow covered incline consisting of one or more lanes within a restricted course in which passengers are conveyed with the use of sliding devices.

(i) Trough slide means a U-shaped track upon which a sled conveys passengers down an incline. A water slide is not a trough slide.

(j) Water slide means a conduit or a U-shaped trough in which passengers are conveyed, with or without the assistance of mats or other sliding devices, in a stream of constantly flowing water down an incline into a pool of water or runout.

 

Historical Note:    Sec. filed Aug. 11, 1994; amd. filed June 13, 2000 eff. Oct. 27, 2000. Renumbered (g)–(h) to (i)–(j).  Added new (g)–(h).

§ 45-3.4 Special requirements.

(a) Daily inspection. Prior to permitting the public to ride on any slide, the slide supervisor or a duly authorized attendant shall inspect the entire length of each slide so as to ascertain whether any damage has been incurred since the last period of operation.

(b) Prohibited operation. No slide shall be operated until any damage found during the daily inspection which could affect the safety of the passengers is corrected.

(c) Operating personnel. The following personnel shall be in attendance whenever a slide is in operation:

(1) A slide starter;

(2) Slide attendants as required by sections 45-3.5(c), 45-3.6(e) and 45-3.7(f) of this Subpart.

(d) Passenger tramway operations. Passenger tramways, used in conjunction with slides, shall meet all applicable requirements of Industrial Code Rule 32, “Ski Tows and Other Passenger Tramways”.

 

Historical Note:    Sec. filed Aug. 11, 1994 eff. Jan. 1, 1995.

 

§ 45-3.5 Special requirements for monorail and trough slides.

(a) Sleds.

(1) Brakes. Each sled shall be equipped with an easily operated braking system capable of stopping it on the steepest part of the slide.

(2) Lap belts. Unless exempted by the manufacturer, each sled shall be equipped with an adjustable lap belt for each passenger.

(3) Capacity. The capacity of each sled shall not exceed two persons.

(4) Positive engagement. Sleds on monorail slides shall be so engaged to the rail so as to prevent accidental dislodgment when negotiating a curve.

(5) Inspection. Each sled shall be inspected for damage, to the sled and its component parts, prior to each use. Damaged sleds shall be removed from service until repaired.

(b) Monorail and trough structures. (1) Installation. The monorail and trough structures shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

(2) Modifications. Modifications to the systems shall be permitted only when made in accordance with the written instructions of the manufacturer.

(3) Turn protection. When there exists a danger of a sled leaving a slide on a turn, such locations shall be protected with bales of hay or other soft pliable materials capable of lessening the impact of a sled and its passengers.

(4) Starting zone. The monorail or trough shall have a starting zone at least 75 yards in length. The end of this zone shall be conspicuously marked with a paint stripe, flags or other markings. Not more than one sled shall be permitted in this zone at any time.

(c) Personnel. (1) Slide supervisor. The slide supervisor shall have the following duties:

(i) overall responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the slide structure;

(ii) training of the slide starter and slide attendants in the duties and responsibilities of their assigned tasks.

(2) Slide starter. A slide starter shall be positioned at the start of each slide structure. This individual shall be responsible for the following.

(i) final instructions to passengers in the operation of the braking mechanism;

(ii) insuring that each passenger has secured the lap belt

(iii) insuring that the preceding sled has cleared the starting zone before the next sled is permitted to travel down the slide.

(3) Slide attendants.

(i) Start of slide. At the start of the slide structure there shall be a minimum of two attendants, having the following responsibilities:

(a) at least one attendant shall remove the sleds from the tramway and inspect them for any damage;

(b) at least one attendant shall instruct the riders on how to operate the braking mechanism; 

  (c) one person may be designated to perform multiple duties.

(ii) Midpoint of slide. There shall be an attendant stationed near the midpoint of the slide structure whose responsibility shall be to instruct the riders to slow up or speed up in order to help avert rear end collisions.

(iii) End of slide. At the end of the slide structure there shall be a minimum of two attendants, having the following responsibilities:

(a) at least one attendant shall assist the riders in leaving their sleds and in removing the sleds from the track or trough:

(b) at least one attendant shall place the sleds on the tramway for the return trip to the start.

(c) Signs. The following signs shall be displayed in the areas indicated:

(1) Operating instructions and rules of conduct:  A large, well maintained sign, containing the operation instructions and rules of conduct pertaining to the use of the slide, shall be displayed at or near the start of a slide.

(2) Caution signs indicating sharp curves or sudden changes in elevation shall be mounted adjacent to the slide immediately prior to the condition described on the signs.

(3) A sign stating “SLIDE ENDS – 250 FEET – BEGIN BRAKING” shall be mounted adjacent to the slide at the location indicated.

 

Historical Note:    Sec. filed Aug. 11, 1994; amd. filed June 13, 2000 eff. Oct. 27, 2000. Amended (a)(2), (c)(3)(iii)(c)(1).

 

§ 45-3.6 Special requirements for water slides.

(a) Rides utilizing mats.

(1) Mats used by the riders shall be of pliable materials.

(2) Damaged or worn mats shall not be used.

(b) Slide structure.

(1) Structures constructed of concrete shall be covered with epoxy or other smooth materials so as to protect the users from abrasions or other injuries.

(2) Structures shall have all exposed edges smoothed and rounded and all joints between sections shall be maintained so as to preclude injury to the riders.

(3) Each slide shall have sides of sufficient height so as to prevent riders in adjacent slides from physically contacting one another. Also, the slides shall be sufficiently banked on turns so as to prevent a rider from accidentally leaving the slide.

Exception:    Subparagraph (3) above shall not apply to multi-parallel lane slides. However, the design and/or operation of these types of slides shall incorporate provisions to control the likelihood of patrons leaving their intended lane of travel while sliding.

(c) Pools. Pools into which the riders exit a water slide shall conform to the following:

(1) Depth. Unless the manufacturer specifies otherwise, each pool shall be at least three (3) feet deep. If the pool depth is less than three feet, a copy of the manufacturer’s plans and/or specifications shall be kept on the premises for inspection, if requested, by the Commissioner or his representative.

(2) Length and width. Each pool shall have sufficient length and width so as to preclude a rider contacting the walls upon entry from the slide.

(3) Steps. Each pool shall be equipped with steps, remote from the slide, so that riders may easily and quickly exit the pool.

(4) Water. Water shall meet the requirements of Part 6, Swimming Pools and Bathing Beaches”, Section 6-1.19, of the New York State Sanitary Code for condition of water in slides and pools as published by the New York State Department of Health in Title 10, NYCRR Part 6, effective March 30, 1988.

(d) Starting zone. At the start of the slide there shall be a zone, at least 30 feet in length. The lower end of this zone shall be marked with a distinctive line or electronic sensor. Only one rider or ride vehicle shall be permitted in this zone at any time.

(e) Personnel. (1) Slide supervisor. The slide supervisor shall have the following duties:

(i) Overall responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the slide structure;

(ii) Training of the slide starter and slide attendants in the duties and responsibilities of their assigned tasks.

(2) Slide starter. The slide starter shall be positioned at the top of the slide structure and shall insure that once a rider has started down a slide, the next rider will not start until the starting zone has been cleared.

(3) Slide attendants.

(i) Start of slide. At the start of the slide, there shall be at least one attendant whose function shall be to control the line of individuals waiting to use the slide.

(ii) End of slide. At the end of the slide structure, there shall be at least one attendant who shall possess a “CPR for the Professional Rescuer” certificate from the American Red Cross in the event Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation becomes necessary. An additional attendant shall be assigned if more than four slides enter a pool. These attendants shall also assist riders in leaving the pool area as the need arises. The Commissioner reserves the right to require additional attendants, regardless of the number of slides entering the pool, under the following conditions:

(1) should a review of the accident reports required by Section 870-g(2) of the New York State Labor Law indicate such action is warranted; and

(2) where inspection or complaints indicate that additional attendants are necessary.

(3) One person may be designated to perform multiple duties as required hereunder.

(f) Signs. The following signs shall be displayed in the areas indicated:

(1) Instructions and rules of conduct. A large, well maintained sign, containing rider instructions and rules of conduct pertaining to the use of the slide, shall be displayed near the top of the slide structure.

(2) Warning signs. Signs pertaining to slippery walking conditions and instructions prohibiting running up the walks and steps leading to the top of the slide structure shall be displayed in appropriate locations.

 

Historical Note:    Sec. filed Aug. 11, 1994; amd. filed June 13, 2000 eff. Oct. 27, 2000. Amended (b)(3), (f)(1).

 

§ 45-3.7 Special requirements for dry slides.

(a) Rides utilizing mats.

(1) Mats used by the riders shall be of pliable materials.

(2) Substantially damaged or worn mats shall not be used.

(b) Slide structure.

(1) Structures shall have all exposed edges smoothed and rounded and all joints between sections shall be maintained so as to preclude injury to the riders.

(2) The open sides of each stairway and landing providing access to a slide shall be protected by a railing at least 36 inches in height. Such railing shall be provided with a midrail.

(c) End of slide. The area at the end of a slide into which a rider enters upon completing a ride shall be free of obstructions and shall be covered with materials that will provide a cushioned landing and a safe rate of deceleration.

(d) Starting zone. At the start of the slide there shall be a zone at least 15 feet in length. The lower end of this zone shall be marked with a distinctive line. Only one rider shall be permitted in this zone at any time.

(e) Multiple sliding lanes. On slide structures having multiple sliding lanes, the provisions of this subdivision shall apply to each lane individually.

(f) Personnel. (1) Slide supervisor. The slide supervisor shall have the following duties.

(i) Overall responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the slide structure;

(ii) Training of the slide starter and slide attendants in the duties and responsibilities of their assigned tasks.

(2) Slide starter. The slide starter shall be positioned at the top of the slide structure and shall insure that once a rider has started down a slide, the next rider will not start until the starting zone has been cleared.

(3) Slide attendants.

(i) Start of slide. At the start of the slide there shall be at least one attendant whose function shall be to control the line of individuals waiting to use the slide.

(ii) End of slide. At the end of the slide there shall be at least one attendant who shall insure that the slide riders leave the area with the mats used during their ride. This requirement shall not apply to those slides less than seventy feet in length (sliding surface) which are straight run and on which a rider is not permitted to start down until the previous rider has cleared the entire slide and removed the mat.

(4) One person may be designated to perform multiple duties as required hereunder.

(g) Sign instructions and rules of conduct. A large, well maintained sign, containing instructions and rules of conduct pertaining to the use of the slide, shall be displayed near the top of the slide structure.

 

Historical Note:    Sec. filed Aug. 11, 1994; amd. filed June 13, 2000 eff. Oct. 27, 2000. Amended (g).

§ 45-3.8 Special requirements for snow slides.

(a) Sliding Devices. Substantially damaged or worn devices shall not be used.

(b) Slide construction.

 

(1) The sides of slides shall have all exposed edges reasonably smoothed and rounded away from the sliding surface.

(2) Slides with serpentine runs where lanes are not parallel, or the lanes do not have a starting and ending point in close proximity, shall be considered as individual slides.

(c) End of slide.

(1) A run-out area shall be provided at the end of a slide into which a rider enters upon completing a ride; this area shall be free of obstacles and obstructions.

(2) Run-out space and/or reverse slope grade shall be designed to allow for gradual deceleration, and to minimize contact between sliding devices.

(3) Routine stopping of the sliding device shall not be dependent on collision or bumper devices.

(1) The run out area, and the end of the slide shall be kept free of non-patrons by the use of fences, gates and or suitable barricades.

(d) Staging area. At the top of each slide an area shall be provided for patrons waiting to ride the slide. Means shall be provided to control crowds in this area.

(e) Starting zone. This zone shall begin at the point of the slide where the patron gets into, or on to, the sliding device, in preparation for going down the incline. It shall continue down the incline of the snow slide to a point designated by the slide supervisor

(1) The lower end of this zone shall be marked.

(2) No other sliding devices shall be allowed in this zone until it is clear of the previously started sliding devices.

(3) The zone shall be long enough to allow for the spacing of sliding devices in order to reduce the likelyhood of collisions.

(4) On slides having multiple lanes, the provisions of this subdivision shall apply to each lane individually.

(f) Personnel.

(1) Slide supervisor. The slide supervisor shall have the following duties:

(i) Overall responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the snow slide;

(ii) Training of the slide starter and slide attendants in the duties and responsibilities of their assigned tasks.

(2) Slide starter. The slide starter shall be positioned at the top of the snow slide and shall assure that once a sliding device(s) has started down a slide, the next sliding device(s) will not start its descent until the starting zone is clear.

(3) Slide attendants. These attendants shall be in addition to those required by Code Rule 32 for the operation of ski lifts or tows used in conjunction with the slide.

(i) Start of slide. At the start of the slide there shall be at least one attendant whose function shall be to control the line of individuals waiting to use the slide.

(ii) End of slide. At the end of the slide there shall be at least one attendant who shall direct the riders to leave the area promptly with their sliding devices.

(4) One person may be designated to perform multiple duties as required hereunder.

(5) Under all conditions each slide shall have a slide starter at the top and one attendant at the bottom.

(6)Exception. A slide may be operated with only a starter at the top if all of the following conditions are met:

(i) the slide starter has clear line of sight vision of the entire snow slide incline and run out area;

(ii) no other sliding device shall be allowed to begin its descent until the track to the bottom is clear of other patrons, including those crossing over to an exit from other lanes; and

(iii) a means is provided to enable patrons at the bottom of the slope to receive instructions from the slide starter at the top.

(g) Sign instructions and rules of conduct.  A large, well maintained sign, containing instructions and rules of conduct pertaining to the use of the slide, shall be conspicuously posted.

(h) Communications. On slides where the starter does not have clear line of sight to the attendant at the opposite end of the device, or the distance is impractical for the use of hand signals, other communication systems shall be provided between the slide starter and the attendants at the bottom of the incline.

 

Historical Note: Sec. filed June 13, 2000 eff. Oct. 27, 2000.

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