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  • PART 47 TRANSPARENT GLASS DOORS

PART 47 TRANSPARENT GLASS DOORS

TRANSPARENT GLASS DOORS IN MERCANTILE ESTABLISHMENTS AND IN PUBLIC AND COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES

(Statutory authority: Labor Law, §§27-a, 27, 29, 241-b)

Sec.
47.1   Title and citation
47.2   Finding of fact
47.3   Purpose and intent of Part
47.4   Application
47.5   Definitions
47.6   Responsibility
47.7   Marking
47.8   Marking locations
47.9   Marking dimensions
47.10 Marking methods
47.11 Replacement and new installations
47.12 Severability

Historical Note

               Part added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

§ 47.1   Title and citation.

     Within and for the purposes of the Department of Labor this Part (rule) may be known as Industrial Code Rule No. 47 relating to transparent glass doors in mercantile establishments and in public and commercial buildings and structures, and may be cited as Rule 47 as an alternative and without prejudice to its designation and citation established by the Secretary of State.   back

 

Historical Note

               Sec. added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

§ 47.2   Finding of fact.

     The board finds that the use of transparent glass doors and fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights in construction and remodeling of buildings or other structures has increased to such an extent that accidental injuries and deaths have occured because of persons walking or falling into such transparent glass doors and fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights, and that regulations in regard to marking and construction thereof are required for the protection of persons frequenting any area, building or structure where such transparent glass doors and sidelights are located.   back

 

Historical Note

               Sec. added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

§ 47.3   Purpose and intent of Part (rule).

     It is the purpose and intent of this part (rule) to require reasonable and proper marking and construction of transparent glass doors and fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights to prevent personal injuries to all persons frequenting any area, building or structure where such transparent glass doors and sidelights are located.   back

 

Historical Note

               Sec. added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

§ 47.4   Application.

     This Part (rule) applies throughout the State of New York to all transparent glass doors and fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights in mercantile establishments and in public and commercial buildings and structures.

 

Exceptions:    1.   Fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights 20 inches or less in width with opaque
      stiles at least one and three-quarters inches in width shall be exempt from the
      requirements of this Part (rule).
  2.   Where the ground, floor or equivalent surface area in the path of approach to a
      fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelight from either side for a minimum distance
      of three feet from such sidelight is so arranged, constructed or designed as to
      deter persons from approaching such sidelight or a permanent barrier is installed
      in the path of approach, the sidelight shall be exempt from the requirements of
      this Part (rule). Decorative pools, horticultural planting or similar installations shall
      be considered as indicating that the ground, floor or equivalent surface area is not
      a path of approach. Planters, benches and similar barriers which are securely
      fastened to the floor or wall to prevent their removal shall be considered as blocking
      the path of approach provided they shall be not less than 18 inches in height from
      the ground, floor, or equivalent surface and extend across at least two-thirds of the
      total width of the glazed area of the sidelight.
  3.   Fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights which are supported by opaque sill and
      wall construction of at least 18 inches above the ground, floor or equivalent surface
      immediately adjacent shall be exempt from the requirements of this Part (rule).
  4.   Display windows in any establishment, building or structure which fall within the
      definition of a sidelight shall be exempt from the requirements of this Part (rule) if
      the top of the supporting sill and wall construction is not less than 18 inches above
      the ground, floor or equivalent surface immediately adjacent and the interior area is
      occupied with merchandise or similar displays to clearly indicate to the public that
      it is not a means of ingress or egress.   back

 

Historical Note

               Sec. added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

§ 47.5   Definitions.

     (a)   Board.   The Board of Standards and Appeals of the State of New York.

     (b)   Commercial building or structure.   A building or structure whose occupants are engaged in, related with, deal with or are occupied with commerce.

     (c)   Commissioner.   The Industrial Commissioner of the State of New York.

     (d)   Mercantile establishment.   A place where one or more persons are employed in which goods, wares or merchandise are offered for sale and includes a building, shed or structure, or any part thereof, occupied in connection with such establishment.

     (e)   Owner.   The owner of the premises, or the lessee of the whole thereof, or the agent in charge of the property.

     (f)   Public building.   A factory building, an office building, a mercantile building, a hotel building, a theatre building, a warehouse building, an apartment building, a State or municipal building, a school, a college or university building, a building containing a place of public assembly maintained or leased for pecuniary gain, or any other building more than one story high except a dwelling house less than three stories high or occupied by less than three families.

     (g)   Sidelights.   Fixed panels of transparent glass which form part of or are immediately adjacent to and within six feet horizontally of the vertical edge of an opening in which transparent glass doors are located. For purposes of this rule, a sidelight shall consist of transparent glass in which the transparent area above a reference line 18 inches above the adjacent ground, floor or equivalent surface is 80 per cent or more of the remaining area of the panel above such reference line.

     (h)   Transparent glass.   Material predominantly ceramic in character which is not opaque and through which objects lying beyond are clearly visible. For the purpose of this rule, rigid transparent plastic material shall be construed as transparent glass.

     (i)   Transparent glass door.   A door, manually or power actuated, fabricated of transparent glass, in which the transparent area above a reference line 18 inches above the bottom edge of the door is 80 per cent or more of the remaining area of the door above such reference line.

     (j)   Transparent safety glazing materials.   Materials which will clearly transmit light and also minimize the possibility of cutting or piercing injuries resulting from breakage of the material. Materials covered by this definition include laminated glass, tempered glass (also known as heat-treated glass, heat-toughened glass, case-hardened glass or chemically tempered glass), wired glass, and rigid plastic.   back

 

Historical Note

               Sec. added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

§ 47.6   Responsibility.

     The owner or affected tenant or both of any building used as a mercantile establishment or a public or commercial building or structure shall be responsible for compliance with the provisions of this Part (rule).   back

 

Historical Note

               Sec. added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

§ 47.7   Marking.

     All transparent glass doors and fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights shall be marked as hereinafter required, regardless of the type of glazing material used in their construction. Marking of all transparent glass doors and fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights within six feet horizontally shall be of an opaque nature placed as hereinafter described in section 47.8 below and shall be of such a design as to be readily discernible to any person approaching the doors and sidelights from any direction.    back

 

Historical Note

               Sec. added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

§ 47.8   Marking locations.

     Transparent glass doors and fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights shall be marked in two areas on the glass surface thereof. One such area shall be located at least 30, but not more than 36 inches and the other at least 60, but not more than 66 inches above the ground, floor or equivalent surface below the door or sidelight.

 

Exceptions:    1.   Transparent glass doors and fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights shall be
      exempt from the upper area marking requirement (60 to 66 inches above the ground,
      floor or equivalent surface) if they are provided with horizontal separation bars,
      muntin bars or equivalent at least one and one-half inches in vertical dimension
      that extend across the total width of the glazed area and are located at least 40, but
      not more than 50 inches above the bottom of the door or sidelight.   back

 

Historical Note

               Sec. added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

§ 47.9   Marking dimensions.

     The marking design shall be at least four inches in diameter if circular or four inches in its least dimension if elliptical or polygonal, or shall be at least 12 inches in horizontal dimension if the marking is less than four inches in its least dimension. In no event shall the vertical dimension of any marking including lettering be less than one and one-half inches in height.   back

 

Historical Note

               Sec. added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

§ 47.10   Marking methods.

     (a)   In addition to horizontal muntin bars, separation bars or equivalent, any of the following methods may be used to alert persons to the presence of transparent glass doors and fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights in their path of movement:

 

     (1)   chemical etching;

     (2)   sandblasting;

     (3)   adhesive strips not less than one and one-half inches in vertical dimension extending across at least two-thirds of the total glazed area;

     (4)   decals;

     (5)   paint, gilding or other opaque marking materials;

     (6)   opaque door pulls or push bars extending across at least two-thirds of the total width of the glazed area.   back

 

Historical Note

               Sec. added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

§ 47.11   Replacement and new installations.

     (a)   Any transparent glazing material used for replacement in existing transparent glass doors after January 1, 1968 shall be transparent safety glazing material. Transparent safety glazing material shall be used in all new transparent glass doors installed after January 1, 1969. The manufacturer's permanent identification mark denoting safety glazing material shall be visible on the glass after installation of the door.

     (b)   Replacement of fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights after January 1, 1968 shall be of transparent safety glazing material or annealed glass at least one-half inch in thickness. New fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights installed after January 1, 1969 shall be of transparent safety glazing material or annealed glass at least one-half inch in thickness. The manufacturer's permanent identification mark denoting safety glazing material shall be visible on the glass after installation of the sidelight.

 

Note:    If safety glazing material is not immediately available as replacement glass in
transparent glass doors and fixed adjacent transparent glass sidelights,
temporary relief from the requirements of section 47.11 of this Part (rule) may
be sought by petitioning the Board of Standards and Appeals for a variation
in accordance with section 30 of the Labor Law of New York State.   back

 

Historical Note

               Sec. added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

§ 47.12   Severability.

     If any provision of this Part (rule) or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this part (rule) which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application and to this end the provisions of the part (rule) are declared to be severable.   back

 

Historical Note

               Sec. added, filed Dec. 21, 1967 to be eff. Jan. 1, 1968.

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